Books and Professional Articles

Carpenter, Kristen A., "The Interests of Peoples in the Cooperative Management of Sacred Sites." Tulsa Law Review, Vol. 42, 2006. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=978261(Viewed February 24, 2008).
Viewed early on in my research, this informed me about the fundamental conflicts surrounding Native American sacred sites.

Freedman, Eric. "Protecting Sacred Sites on Public Land." http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/american_indian_quarterly/v031/31.1freedman.html#FOOT31(Viewed April 18, 2008).
This provided solid analysis of the Devils Tower/Bear Lodge dispute that provided depth to my understanding of this case study.

Mutz, Kathryn M., Gary C. Bryner, and Douglas S. Kenney, ed. Justice and Natural Resources: Concepts, Strategies, and Applications. Washington: Island Press, 2002.
This book helped me understand some of the core ideas surrounding the protection of cultural resources as well as some classic environmental justice cases concerning tribal sovereignty.

Salzman, James and Barton H. Thompson, Jr. Environmental Law and Policy. 2nd ed. New York: Foundation Press, 2007.
This book helped me understand the process and purpose of writing an Environmental Assessment.

Vecsey, Christopher, ed. Handbook of American Indian Religious Freedom. New York: The Crossroad, 1991.
This book exposed me to some of the key cases that connection to my own case study, particularly those referenced as having rulings that contradict the Devils Tower case decisions.

Government Reports

Access Fund/Cave Rock Case DOJ Document []http://www.fs.fed.us/r5/tribalrelations/dat/caverock/appeals/accessfund.pdf(Viewed May 8, 2008).

Reading this case, which is similar to my own case study in some respects, made me more aware of the what makes these two cases different, and thus illuminating my understand of the Devils Tower case.

Devils Tower DOJ Document: http://www.usdoj.gov/osg/brief...nses/99-1045.resp.html. (Viewed February 24, 2008).

Devils Tower Court of Appeals Case: http://ca10.washburnlaw.edu/cases/1999/04/98-8021.htm(Viewed February 24, 2008).

The above two documents helped me understand the rationale behind the courts' decisions.

Magazine Articles

High Country News: http://www.hcn.org/servlets/hcn.Article?article_id=3426(Viewed February 24, 2008).

This magazine article by Deborah Liggett details the process she went through to create the FCMP.


American Indian Religious Freedom Act. National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/history/local-law/FHPL_IndianRelFreAct.pdf. (Viewed May 7, 2008).

Executive Order 13007. Advisory Council of Historic Preservation. http://www.achp.gov/EO13007.html. (Viewed May 7, 2008).

Federal Court Opinion: BLUMA v. Babbitt. Hamline University School of Law. http://www.hamline.edu/law/sacredsites/bear_lodge_multiple_use_assoc._v._babbitt.html(Viewed May 7, 2008).

National Park Service FCMP: http://www.nps.gov/archive/det...limbing/detosumm.html(Viewed February 27, 2008)

Native American Rights Fund: Legal Review, Volume 23, Number 1 - Winter/Spring 1998.
http://www.narf.org/pubs/nlr/nlr23-1.htm. (Viewed February 22, 2008)

San Miguel, George L., "How Is Devils Tower a Sacred Site to American Indians?" National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/archive/deto/place.htm (Viewed May, 2008).The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty: http://www.becketfund.org/index.php/case/32.html(viewed February 24, 2008).

The National Congress of American Indians: www.ncai.org (viewed April 12, 2008).


In Light of Reverence (Bullfrog Films: 2002). Transcript available at http://www.sacredland.org/ITLOR_pages/transcript.html(Viewed February 24, 2008).

The section on Devils Tower in this film was the most helpful piece of research material. It clearly examined the different sides of the dispute and nothing competes with hearing and seeing the actual people involved share their views.

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