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1. WHO
1) MEMBERS OF CONGRESS. One of the co-sponsors of the Journey Through Hallowed Ground, Representative Frank Wolf of Virginia, is likely to get media and constituent support by presenting and approving this proposed heritage area. This is true for all of the representatives in the area who support this legislation. Because of the important historical nature of this area, it is hard for representatives to vote against it. However in Congress there is of course opposition and the senate (where the bill is currently), could be a great place for EJ advocates to state their case considering representatives' duties towards constituents.

2) THE NATIONAL TRUST FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION. This member-supported organization rallied behind the Journey through Hallowed Ground National Heritage Area because of many battlefields and Civil War sites that are endangered because of the growing population in the area. A statement given by the Vice-President of the National Trust for Historic Preservation asserted the organization's views on the proposed historic area, claiming that "private property rights have never been allowed to take precedence over our shared national values and the preservation of our country's heritage." However it is ironic that the shared national values of equal protection of the law and the principles upon which the Civil War was fought in the very areas of the propsed NHA are not being protected here.

3) PROJECT 21 is the national leadership network of black conservatives. It aims to "promote the views of African-Americans whose entrepreneurial spirit, dedication to family and commitment to individual responsibility has not traditionally been echoed by the nation's civil rights establishment." Project 21 has been a staunch opponent of the Journey through Hallowed Ground National Heritage Area because of the regressive burden effect that the proposed area will have on minorities who are low and middle-income homeowners. This is the only African-American group that I have come across even though it is possible that black groups would support the JTHG because of ties to the Civil War.

4) PROPERTY RIGHTS ACTIVISTS. Property rights activists are against the JTHG National Historic Area because the proposed legislation will establish the rights of regional and federal authorities to intervene in local land-use decisions. This includes the conservative and powerful group, the Heritage Foundation which is staunchly opposed to the JTHG on the grounds that it is a federal usurpation of private property rights and the regressive burden effect on middle and low-income families.  However these middle and low-income families have yet to speak on this issue in force, though property rights activists insist this demographic will be hit the hardest should the claimed property rights restrictions be imposed. 

5) THE JOURNEY THROUGH HALLOWED GROUND PARTNERSHIP. This is a non-profit group dedicated to spreading awareness about the area to people in the region as well as in the U.S. in general. It is a consortium of "local, regional and national partners" who will manage the heritage area. Among the most important players is the Piedmont Environmental Council, although there are many groups involved and every member of the JTHGP executive council and the advisory council comes from a distinct group. This partnership is dedicated to working in partnership with local, state and national officials to create the heritage area "to sustain and strengthen our economy, heritage and quality of life in this region." This organization will receive the federal funding to carry out the preservation tactics that include restrictive zoning and growth restrictions. The organization does not acknowledge on its website the negative effects these property law changes will have on the disadvantaged community, although perhaps they should try to refute this claim.

6) THE PIEDMONT ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL.  This group has played a large role in supporting the JTHG Partnership and has members on the partnership's Board of Directors.  The mission statement of the PEC is to protect the "rural economy, natural resources, history and beauty" (PEC Website)of the Piedmont area of Virginia.  The council is known as one of the most effective and financially-supported environmental groups in the country and the JTHG NHA is one of the main issues that it is working on. 

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