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References:

1) Books and Professional Articles:

Bonham, Charlton H.  2008.  A Recipe from the Field for Dam Removal Agreements.  American Bar Association, Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources.  Twenty-sixth
Annual Water Law Conference, San Diego, CA, Feb. 21-22, 2008.

This article provides background on dam services and dam impacts, outlines the procedure of dam licensing, and then discusses the necessary components of successful dam removal agreements, all information which is useful in analyzing the conflict over the Klamath dams.

Keil, Julie A. and Mark, Thomas E.  2008.  Getting What You Wish For: Lessons from the Removal of the Bull Run Hydroelectric Project_.  _American Bar Association: Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources.  26th Annual Water Law Conference, San Diego, CA, Feb. 21-22, 2008.

This article provides useful information on licensing and relicensing procedures, and an example of a dam project which was successfully surrendered and decommissioned.

This document summarizes the position of many dam opponents and clarifying the members of the coalition opposed to the dams.

Mutz, Kathryn M., Bryner, Gary C., and Douglas S. Kennedy.  Justice and Natural Resources: Concepts, Strategies, and Applications.  Washington: Island Press, 2002. 

Mutz's text provides several case studies on environmental justice topics, including those involving tribal water rights, NEPA on Indian land, and other topics that are relevant to the Klamath conflict.

Oswalt, Wendell H.  1973.  This Land Was Theirs: A Study of the North American Indian.  Second Edition.  New York: John Wiley and Sons.  304-343.

This book includes descriptions of traditional Yurok ceremonies, which help one to understand the importance of salmon to the Yurok.  

Salzman, James and Barton H. Thompson, Jr. Environmental Law and Policy. Second Edition. New York, NY: Foundation, 2007.

This text provides background in some of the laws involved in the Klamath dispute, and the potential conflicts involved in the development and implementation of these laws. 

Spain, Glen. 2007. Symposium: At the Crossroads: In Search of Sustainable Solutions in the Klamath Basin: *Dams, Water Reforms, and Endangered Species in the Klamath Basin. University of Oregon. Journal of Environmental Law & Litigation 22 (1).

This article provides useful information on several lawsuits related to the Klamath dispute, as well as a description of issues in these lawsuits involving the applications of laws such as the Endangered Species Act and tribal water rights.

2) Government Reports and Court Cases:

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC).  Final Environmental Impact Statement for Relicensing of the Klamath Hydroelectric Project No. 2082-027.  Issued Nov. 16, 2007. 

---------------------------------------------------------------------.  Final Environmental Impact Statement for Relicensing of the Klamath Hydroelectric Project No. 2082-027, Executive Summary.  Issued
Nov. 16, 2007.

<http://www.ferc.gov/industries/hydropower/enviro/eis/2007/11-16-07.asp> (accessed March 10, 2008)

This document helped me to understand the various possible alternatives FERC considered for PacifiCorp's contract renewal, and to establishing the current status PacifiCorp's application.

McConnell v. PacifiCorp, Inc.  2007 U.S.Dist. LEXIS 63948 (N.D. Cal.Aug. 16, 2007).

The above lawsuit illustrates a case where the court ruled in favor of the dam opponents, who had claimed harm from river pollution caused by the dams, although the court granted the plaintiffs only monetary relief.

Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen's Associations v. United States Bureau of Reclamation.  2001 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7920 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 4, 2001).

Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen's Associations v. United States Bureau of Reclamation, No. C 02-2006 SBA, 2003 U.S.Dist. LEXIS 13745 (N.D. Cal.July 16, 2003).

The two above cases illustrate how dam opponents have encounter difficulties in establishing that the Bureau of Reclamation (which manages some of the land in the Klamath Basin) is in non-compliance with laws relevant to the dam dispute.

Published Articles in Newspapers and Magazines:

Iwata, Edward. Dam Dispute Heads to Court; Coalition Angles to Win Over Buffett.  USA Today, May 3, 2007.

This article provided general information on the importance of salmon to Indian tribes and the tribes' objections to the dams on the Klamath River, including the potential for dams to increase river temperatures and growth of toxic algae.

McKinley, Jesse.  2007.  For Struggling Tribe, Windfall has a dark side. The New York Times, September 2, 2007.  Kandra v. United States , 145 F. Supp. 2d 1192, 2001 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 6932, 52 Env't Rep. Cas. (BNA) 1928, 52 Env't Rep. Cas. (BNA) 1929 (D. Or. 2001).

This article includes some background on the Yurok tribe in particular, and describes their poverty, a factor which increases the environmental justice concern in this dispute.

Yardley, William. 2006. Tribes Call for Removal of Dams that Block Journey of Salmon. The New York Times, August 3, 2006.

This article discusses the positions of state governors as well as some federal agencies on the issue of dam removal and its alternatives, as well as PacifiCorp's public stance on the issue.

Web Links:

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.  2008.  About FERC: What FERC does.  Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.

<http://www.ferc.gov/about/ferc-does.asp> (accessed May 10, 2008)

This page outlines the purposes and goals of FERC.

Klamath Water Users Association.  2008.  Summary of the Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement. Klamath Water Users Association.

<http://www.kwua.org/FERCsettlement/SummaryKlamathBasinRestorationAgreement011508.pdf>  (accessed May 10, 2008)

This document summarizes the position of many dam opponents and clarifying the members of the coalition opposed to the dams. PacifiCorp. 2008. 

PacifiCorp.  2008.  PacifiCorp. (see below for specific pages)

Company Overview: <http://www.pacificorp.com/Navigation/Navigation3877.html>  (accessed May 10, 2008)

Klamath River Relicensing: Klamath River Hydroelectric Projects, FERC no. 2082: <http://www.pacificorp.com/Article/Article1152.html>  (accessed May 10, 2008)

Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen's Associations.  2008.  Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen's Associations. (see below for specific pages)        

Homepage: <http://www.pcffa.org>(accessed May 10, 2008)
The Struggle to Save Salmon in the Klamath Basin: <http://www.pcffa.org/klamath.htm> (accessed May 10, 2008)

Why the Klamath Dams Should Come Out: <http://www.pcffa.org/WhyWeWantTheDamsOut3.pdf> (accessed May 10, 2008)



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