"Agnodike (last third of the 4th century BCE) was an Athenian physician who is said to have disguised herself as a man to study under Herophilus. When she completed her studies she attempted to practice medicine on women while still presenting herself as a man, women refused her service until she confessed she was a women. She was brought to trial for breaking the law, the judge Aereopagus chose to replace the law allowing women to practice medicine and be paid a stipend for their service."
*Ogilvie, M. B. 1986. Women in Science. The MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-65038-X
Agnodike's story is a classic example of a woman employing a strategy successfully to overcome traditional social barriers. She is symbolic of the many woman who have disguised themselves as men to cross boundaries from actresses in medieval time to female soldiers during the American Civil War. She is the earliest midwife mentioned among the ancient Greeks and mainly focused herself in th study of gynaecology and midwifery.